3 Ways to Remove Rodents From Your Home
Rodents, such as mice, rats and other furry animals may seem cute to some, but they can quickly destroy the inside of a home and food supplies or make residential dwellers ill. In fact, mice and rats, many of which can be found in Colorado, can harbor over 35 diseases worldwide. These diseases are spread through contact with a rodent’s urine, feces, saliva, or through a rodent’s bite. Diseases carried by a rodent can be spread to a human indirectly, through mites, ticks and fleas that fed on an infected rodent, then fed on a healthy individual.
The best way to remove rodents from a residential household in Colorado is to prevent the rodent’s entry into the house in the first place. Prevention is the most important method for residents to learn. In any case, if a rodent has already entered a home, there are methods for removing them from the household. Discover how to humanely remove rodents from a home by reading the information provided.
Preventing Rodents From Entering Homes in Colorado
Proper sanitation is one of the best ways to prevent and control a rodent problem. All animals have three major requirements for survival, which are food, water and shelter. Removal of any one of these requirements will force that animal to vacate the premises. The removal of debris, like trash, wood piles, abandoned appliances and old tires will remove the shelter rodents need. Stacked firewood in one location for a prolonged period of time is another good shelter for rodents.
Storage of seeds and pet food outside of a rodent-proof container will attract all types of animals. Remove and collect fallen fruit from any orchards or backyard trees, and keep lids on trash cans at night to make an area less attractive for rodents. This goes for indoor trash disposal systems too. To make a trash can less likely to be raided by a rodent, put something heavy on the lid, such as a brick or rock, or secure the lid with a bungee cord. Be sure to keep lawns mowed, weeds down next to the home and trim tree branches six feet away from any rooftops.
A rodent can get through any opening its head will fit through. An opening larger than a quarter of an inch for mice, and one larger than half an inch for young rats, will allow these rodents to enter a home. Any opening a pencil can fit through will allow a mouse to enter a home. Young mice and rats are more likely to be the ones entering a home, because these rodents are dispersing from parents. To exclude mice and rats from a home, place sheet metal, expanded metal, perforated metal or hardware cloth over any drain openings or ventilation openings. Cement any unnecessary holes around pipes or openings that have been drilled into brick or rock walls. Also, place caulk or putty in any holes in walls, and make sure all windows and doors are properly sealed to prevent entry.
Live Traps for Rodents in Colorado Homes
For individuals who are concerned about killing rodents in the home, either for humane reasons or for safety purposes, live traps are available. While these traps are more expensive than traditional rodent traps, they are more effective, because once one rodent is caught in the trap, the smell of the live rodent will attract other rodents to the area. These are especially effective for infestations. Removal of the rodents can be performed by a professional wildlife specialist or pest control specialist who will dispose of the rodent in a humane manner. Some individuals choose to release rodents back into the wild after the animals have been caught in a live trap, but be sure to follow local regulations and laws pertaining to the release of wildlife.
Lethal Traps for Rodents in Colorado Homes
Lethal traps for rodents are the most popular option for many homeowners. However, these traps come with many downsides. For one, these traps can be deadly to pets in the home. For example, rodenticides are deadly to cats, dogs and even children if consumed. In addition, a rodent infected with a poison can be consumed by an unsuspecting pet or wild animal inside or outside of the home. Lastly, poisoned rodents will wander before dying, which means these animals can become stuck in walls or other inaccessible areas, causing a stench as well as an illness-inducing situation. That is why poisons are becoming increasingly less popular as a method for disposing of rodents.
The safest lethal trap is the traditional snap trap. However, be sure to store these traps out of areas where other pets and children can gain access to them. In addition, remember the trap works for anything that triggers it, meaning endangered wildlife and non-targeted wildlife can gain access to them. Place the trap near a known entrance for the rodent and bait it with peanut butter or another tasty substance. If trying to trap more than one rodent, place the traps back to back or side by side. Be sure to check these traps every few hours to dispose of them properly when they have been triggered. In addition, wear gloves, spray down the trap and deceased rodent with a bleach solution or another sanitizer, and dispose of the rodent in a sealed bag to prevent the spread of disease. Even if a rodent is deceased, the animal can still carry diseases that can be transmitted to people or pets.